ABE English

Top 25 Things You Need to Know to Pass the GED Reading and Language Arts Test

The following is adapted from the book Language Arts Workbook for the GED Test. I highly recommend it for study, as it has plenty of realistic practice question with explanations.

  1. Main Idea: Identify the main idea of a paragraph or passage.
  2. Structural Relationships: Distinguish between cause-and-effect, compare-and-contrast, and parallel relationships. Follow the sequence of events in a story or article.
  3. Vocabulary: Use context clues to find the meaning and know the difference between connotation and denotation. Find the synonyms and antonyms for words.
  4. Figurative Language: Identify simile, metaphor and personification in a passage.
  5. Author’s Views: Find the author’s purpose tone and point of view.
  6. Rhetorical Techniques: Figure out how writers use analogies, enumeration, juxtaposition, parallelism, qualifying statement and repetition.
  7. Evidence: Find where an author uses facts, statistics, expert opinions and anecdotes in order to provide evidence for a claim.
  8. Opinion and Bias: Distinguish facts from opinions and identify a writer’s biases.
  9. Logical Fallacies: Find errors in the logic behind an author’s argument.
  10. Argument Structure: Identify the conclusion and supporting evidence in any given passage.
  11. Analyzing Data: Interpret charts and graphs.
  12. Perspective: Explain the difference in point of view between that of the author and that of the characters.
  13. Inference: Draw conclusions from a text’s information.
  14. Parts of Speech: Know the functions of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions.
  15. Subject-Verb Agreement: Write sentences in which the subject and verb agree, and edit those that do not.
  16. Pronoun Agreement: Construct sentences in which the pronouns agree with their antecedents. Fix mistakes in pronoun agreement.
  17. Pronoun Case: Use the subjective, objective and possessive pronouns correctly. Fix mistakes in pronoun case.
  18. Modifiers: Use modifiers in ways that are not dangling or misplaced.
  19. Capitalization: Learn the rules of capitalization and correct capitalization errors.
  20. Sentence Construction: Identify and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences.
  21. Comma Usage: Use commas when needed and correct mistakes with missing or misplaced commas.
  22. Other Punctuation: Make sentences with the correct use of apostrophes, colons, and semi-colons. Use end marks and abbreviations appropriately. Correct and punctuation errors.
  23. Verb Tenses: Form simple, present perfect and past perfect tenses. Correct errors in verb tense.
  24. Parallel Structure: Make sentences with parallel structure and recognize sentences with errors in parallelism.
  25. Essay Structure: Use the proper structure for an effective essay.

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