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Top 25 Things You Need to Know to Pass the GED Reading and Language Arts Test

The following is adapted from the book Language Arts Workbook for the GED Test. I highly recommend it for study, as it has plenty of realistic practice question with explanations.

  1. Main Idea: Identify the main idea of a paragraph or passage.
  2. Structural Relationships: Distinguish between cause-and-effect, compare-and-contrast, and parallel relationships. Follow the sequence of events in a story or article.
  3. Vocabulary: Use context clues to find the meaning and know the difference between connotation and denotation. Find the synonyms and antonyms for words.
  4. Figurative Language: Identify simile, metaphor and personification in a passage.
  5. Author’s Views: Find the author’s purpose tone and point of view.
  6. Rhetorical Techniques: Figure out how writers use analogies, enumeration, juxtaposition, parallelism, qualifying statement and repetition.
  7. Evidence: Find where an author uses facts, statistics, expert opinions and anecdotes in order to provide evidence for a claim.
  8. Opinion and Bias: Distinguish facts from opinions and identify a writer’s biases.
  9. Logical Fallacies: Find errors in the logic behind an author’s argument.
  10. Argument Structure: Identify the conclusion and supporting evidence in any given passage.
  11. Analyzing Data: Interpret charts and graphs.
  12. Perspective: Explain the difference in point of view between that of the author and that of the characters.
  13. Inference: Draw conclusions from a text’s information.
  14. Parts of Speech: Know the functions of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions.
  15. Subject-Verb Agreement: Write sentences in which the subject and verb agree, and edit those that do not.
  16. Pronoun Agreement: Construct sentences in which the pronouns agree with their antecedents. Fix mistakes in pronoun agreement.
  17. Pronoun Case: Use the subjective, objective and possessive pronouns correctly. Fix mistakes in pronoun case.
  18. Modifiers: Use modifiers in ways that are not dangling or misplaced.
  19. Capitalization: Learn the rules of capitalization and correct capitalization errors.
  20. Sentence Construction: Identify and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences.
  21. Comma Usage: Use commas when needed and correct mistakes with missing or misplaced commas.
  22. Other Punctuation: Make sentences with the correct use of apostrophes, colons, and semi-colons. Use end marks and abbreviations appropriately. Correct and punctuation errors.
  23. Verb Tenses: Form simple, present perfect and past perfect tenses. Correct errors in verb tense.
  24. Parallel Structure: Make sentences with parallel structure and recognize sentences with errors in parallelism.
  25. Essay Structure: Use the proper structure for an effective essay.

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